Stroke Does Not Discriminate – Prevention Through Technology and Risk Modification Crucial to Stopping Stroke from Striking
Stroke does not discriminate; it can strike anyone, anytime, anywhere – all races – infants and older adults – you and me – celebrities. With 795,000 stroke cases a year in the US, chances are you know somebody that has suffered a stroke – a loved one, friend, neighbor, colleague, or your favorite celebrity. Some risk factors are controllable, and if modified will result in a significant decrease in the incidence of stroke according to the Dr. Jeffrey Thomas Stroke Shield Foundation (SSF). The SSF is promoting the message Technology Against Stroke this May in recognition of National Stroke Awareness Month.
“While age, race, and family history cannot be altered, most stroke risk factors can be modified or treated medically. Many stroke risk factors increase the probability of developing a host of other serious diseases including cancer, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes, adding to the grave socioeconomic and personal health burden placed on society,” said Jeffrey E. Thomas, MD, FAANS, FACS, founder and chairman of the SSF.
Technology Against Stroke
“Great strides have been made in minimally invasive treatment of stroke through endovascular interventions, but little progress has been made in prevention,” said Dr. Thomas. Scalable digital technologies utilizing iPhone and other platforms need to be developed and made widely accessible/affordable to help prevent stroke. The apps would incorporate technology to enable the analysis and ongoing modification of stroke risk factors in high-risk individuals. Ultimately, the SSF aims to minimize the necessity for emergency intervention through its grant program that will fund awards to researchers working on promising, cutting-edge stroke prevention modalities.
The range and severity of early stroke symptoms vary considerably, but they share the common characteristic of being sudden. Warning signs may include some or all of the following symptoms: Dizziness, nausea, or vomiting; unusually severe headache; confusion, disorientation or memory loss; numbness, weakness in an arm, leg or the face, especially on one side; abnormal or slurred speech; difficulty with comprehension; loss of vision or difficulty seeing; and loss of balance, coordination, or the ability to walk.
Controllable Stroke Risk Factors
Diabetes: The disease affects 25.8 million people of all ages or 8.3 percent of the US population. Of those, a staggering 7 million cases are undiagnosed and therefore untreated, leading to a myriad of health implications. While type 1 diabetes (juvenile or early adult onset) is not preventable, studies estimate that 58-71 percent of type 2 diabetes can be prevented through lifestyle intervention. (Source: American Diabetes Association)
Obesity: More than one-third of US adults (35.7 percent) and an estimated 17 percent of children/adolescents ages two to 19 years are obese, equating to about 86 million obese people based on 2011 US census population estimates. (Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Hypertension: An estimated 76.4 million people age 20 and older have high blood pressure and according to 2005-2008 data, more than 52 percent of cases are uncontrolled. According to 2010 mortality data, 26,577 deaths were attributed to essential hypertension. (Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Cigarette/tobacco smoking: The leading cause of preventable death in the US, an estimated 19.3 percent or 45.3 million adults smoke cigarettes. Cigarette smokers have double the risk of stroke as non-smokers and cigar/pipe smokers have a 30 percent increased risk. (Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Alcohol: While studies are not conclusive, most healthcare professionals agree that drinking more than one to two drinks everyday can increase stroke risk. Statistics indicate that nearly one out of four Americans admitted to hospitals have alcohol problems or are undiagnosed alcoholics. (Source: US No Drugs)
Heart disease (atrial fibrillation, valve disease): Heart disease is the number one leading cause of death in the US. People with atrial fibrillation have a five-fold increase of stroke risk, with about 35 percent of all Afib patients suffering a stroke during their lifetime. In 2005, an estimated 5.2 million adults in the US were diagnosed with aortic valve disease. (Source: American Heart Association)
Hyperlipidemia (elevated cholesterol levels): About one in every six adults or 16.3 percent of the US adult population has high total cholesterol. (Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Previous stroke: Of the 795,000 annual cases, 185,000 are recurrent attacks. Experiencing a previous stroke is a very serious indicator and puts one at a heightened risk of suffering a subsequent attack. (Source: American Heart Association)
Stroke Shield Foundation (SSF) Prevention Tips
If you have diabetes, control your blood glucose, cholesterol levels, and blood pressure
Modify your diet and participate in regular exercise - under medical supervision if you are severely overweight
Control hypertension through sodium reduction, diet modification, stress reduction, exercise, and/or medication
Quit smoking and limit alcohol intake
If you have been diagnosed with atrial fibrillation or valve disease, control it through medication, regular monitoring, and surgery if warranted
Control your cholesterol levels through diet modification and/or medication
Know the warning signs of stroke and call 911 immediately if stroke is suspected
For more information on Technology Against Stroke, visit the SSF website at strokeshieldfoundation.org.