Health News: Good Intestinal Bacteria Prevent Diabetes
All humans have enormous numbers of bacteria and other microorganisms in the lower intestine. Our bodies contain about ten times more bacteria than the number of our own cells, and these tiny passengers are extremely important for our health.
If the bacteria in the intestine become unbalanced, inflammation and damage can occur at many different locations in the body. The best known is the intestine itself: the wrong intestinal bacteria can trigger Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. The liver also becomes damaged when intestinal bacteria are unbalanced.
Research groups led by professor Jayne Danska have now shown that the influence of the intestinal bacteria extends even deeper inside the body to influence the likelihood of getting diabetes. In children and young people, diabetes is caused by the immune cells of the body damaging the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin.